What's Happening Now




  1. Sarson, J., & MacDonald, L. (2021). Women Unsilenced Our Refusal To Let Torturer-Traffickers Win. FreisenPress, 120, 136, 156-157, 269-270, 274. 
  2. Sarson, J., & MacDonald, L. (2020). Developing a normative standard: Acknowledging non-state torturers' acts inflict femicidal risks. Femicide Volume XIII Collecting Data on Femicide, 94-101.
  3. Sarson, J., & MacDonald, L. (2019). Herstorical forerunners for present day cyber crimes: Non-state torturers, traffickers, pornographers and buyers. Femicide Volume XI Cyber Crimes Against Women & Girls, 18-23.
  4. Sarson, J., & MacDonald. L. (2018). Suicidal-femicidal conditioning: a tactic of family-based non-state torturers and human traffickers of a daughter. Femicide Volume X Contemporary Forms of Enslavement of Women and Girls, 85-87.

Webinar Presentations

Meeting on the Establishment of Femicide Observatories and Psychological Violence Against Women in Vienna, November 24, 2021. Our presentation Psychological Non-State Torture Violence of Women begins at 1:08:38

2020 Nova Scotia Mass Shooting Op-Eds

    1.    The good, the bad, the ugly, and the continuing need for a feminist analysis in the Nova Scotia mass shooting inquiry
    2.    What is a feminist analysis and why do we need one as part of the Nova Scotia mass shooting inquiry?
    3.    A feminist analysis: Intersectionalities of the Nova Scotia mass shooting atrocity
    4.    Femicide and misogyny: Addressing these feminist concerns in the mass shooting public independent inquiry
    5.    Actions of human evil – On the Nova Scotia mass shooter and others like him
    6.    We can do this! Eliminating systematic sexism, misogyny, men’s violence and femicide
    7.    What’s a misogynist? It’s the choice to be a hater of women!
    8.    Pandemics: Misogynistic violence against women and girls and COVID-19
    9.    Response to Canadian Police Statement Denying Misogynistic Motive in Recent Mass Killing 


 1.  KaleiHerscope - Magda Zenon                                                                                       2.  Podcast of radio interview on 95.7 with Sheldon McLeod, we start at 21:56       3.  Pretty Heady Stuff - a feminist discussion with Scott Stoneman about our feminist perspectives, activism, and our work on non-State torture and femicide.                            4. FiLiA with Julian Norman meets Linda MacDonald and Jeanne Sarson from Persons Against Non-State Torture (NST) and we talk about our feminist human rights activism.  

Beijing + 25 CSO Forum UNECE Region Geneva Oct. 28, 2019

 2.6.b.Non-State Torture and other ill Treatment of Women and Girls Subgroup of Violence Against Women and Girls

Journal Article

In the peer reviewed journal Oñati Socio-legal Series, v. 8, n. (2018)  No Longer Invisible: Families that Torture, Traffic , and Exploit their Girl Child

Presentation at EUROCRIM 2018

At the end of August, we travelled to Bosnia & Herzegovina to attend and present as part of a panel at the 18th Annual Conference of the European Society of Criminology in Sarajevo. The panel, chaired by John Winterdyk, Contextualizing modern-day responses to human trafficking: Moving the agenda forward, included our presentation, Family-Based Torturers & Human Traffickers: ‘Our’ Population & Our Practice.

Book Launch CSW62 Gender Perspectives on Torture: Law and Practice

Jeanne's report as a panelist at this book launch regarding a paper we co-authored with Jackie Jones entitled “How Non-State Torture is Gendered and Invisibilized: Canada’s Non-Compliance with the Committee Against Torture’s Recommendations”.

Read Paper


Women of Peace Award

We received this award November 4th, 2017 for our work on non-State torture and human trafficking from Women's PeacePower Foundation.

Read report

Submission to UN Office of High Commission for Human Rights (UN OHCHR)

October 11, 2017 submission requests that women and girls who have suffered NST in the domestic/private sphere are a specific vulnerable group whose physical and mental health has been consequently grievously harmed must be included in the report by the UN OHCHR

Read submission 

Status of Women Canada

November 17, 2017 letter to MP Maryam Monsef explaining why naming non-State torture must be included in the Canadian Government Strategy to Prevent and Address Gender-Based Violence. 

Read Letter 

September 23, 2017, a follow-up letter to Minister Monsef asking about her decision to name NST in the Government's Strategy and to identify Canada's accountability to the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) that impact on violence against women and girls.

Read letter

June 28, 2017, our letter following the meeting with Minister Maryam Monsef to provide further information on the necessity to name Non-State Torture in the Government's Strategy to Address Gender Based Violence.

Read letter

July 10, 2016, our Truth-Telling submission to the House of Commons Standing Committee on the Status of Women for its Study on Violence against Young Women and Girls in Canada.

Read submission

Prime Minister of Canada

July 31, 2017 letter we wrote Justin Trudeau, Prime Minister of Canada to ask him as Minister for Youth about his role upholding the human rights that no one should be subjected to non-State torture.

Read letter 

Journal Article Response

July 30, 2017 Jeanne's response Non-State Torture: a Response to Ibrahim Kira's "Critical Outlook at Torture" ... in The Society for the Study of Peace, Conflict  & Violence journal. She highlights the subjective sexualized pleasures of torturers.


Canadian Nurses Association (CNA) Passes NST Resolution

In June 2017, as nurses, we attended the CNA Meeting and successfully lobbied to have Resolution 2 on the Development of a Position Statement on the Human Rights Violation of Non-State Torture (page 3) adopted by a unanimous vote.

Read resolution

Minister of Foreign Affairs

June 7, 2017 letter to Chrystia Freeland, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Canada speaking about a "feminist assistance policy" and women and girls' equality rights.

Read letter

Women Law book cover
New Book

We are proud to announce that our work is included in a new bookWomen, Law and Culture Conformity Contradiction and Conflictedited by Jocelynne Scutt. Our chapter is entitled, Seeking Equality - Justice and Women's and Girls' Human Right Not to Be Subjected to Non-State Torture

UN Panel Presentation

In March, we appeared on a panel at the UN Commission on the Status of Women, 61st Session. Our presentation: A Canadian Experience: Discrimination in law on non-State torture negates human right equality, social justice & inclusion of victimized women & girls.

CSW Panel 2017
Journal Article

Jeanne's work is published in the Journal of Human Trafficking, "Review of Human Trafficking: Contexts and Connections to Conventional Crime".  Edited by Joan A. Reid. Oxon, UK, and New York, NY: Routledge, 2016. 150 pages. ISBN: 978-1-138-65285-9, $155.00 (hardcover) Jeanne Sarson pages 1-3 Published online: 10 February 2017.

Read more

EUROCRIM 2018 SarajevoPresenting at EUROCRIM 2018 in Sarajevo, on the panel Contextualizing modern-day responses to human trafficking: Moving the agenda forward.

trafficking-conf-2017.jpgSimon Häggström, Swedish Police, speaking in Truro, Nova Scotia, Canada to police and community support persons about sexualized human trafficking, prostitution and the implementation of the Nordic Model in Sweden.

canadiannursesNST2017.jpgA resolution on Non-State Torture is adopted at the Annual meeting of the Canadian Nurses Association, June 2017. 

monsefmtg (2).jpg

Linda MacDonald, MP Maryam Monsef and Jeanne Sarson following the June 28, 2017 meeting.

#EndDemand Visual Graphic

The visual graphic was created over a 2 day Training Forum at the Tri-County Women's Centre, Yarmouth NS, Canada called Sexualized Human Trafficking & Exploitation - Collaborating to END Demand. Our presentation was titled "Non-State Torture (NST) Organized Family Operators."Tricountyvisual.JPG

Enlarged Version

Past Work

Bill C-242 

Criminalizing Non-State Torture in Canada

Our Letter to MP Bill Casey about Bill C-242.

Update: Bill C-242 An Act to Amend the Criminal Code (inflicting torture)

Correcting Misinformation given by Depart. of Justice and Criminal Lawyers' Assoc. to Standing Committee

Testimony (text) by Linda and Jeanne regarding Bill C-242 to the Standing Committee of Justice and Human Rights (1220 mins)

Video Testimony

A Brief in Support of Bill C-242 An Act to Amend the Criminal Code (Inflicting Torture)

Letters to Ministers of Justice, Canada

2015 Brief delivered to the Minister of Justice by MP Bill Casey

Thirty-seven years of herstorical evidence that the Canadian Government has known of non-State torture and requesting NST to be criminalized in the Criminal Code of Canada.

Read Brief

Minister of Justice, Jody Wilson Raybould's response to this letter.


2014 letter to Minister of Justice Peter MacKay regarding Bill C-36 addressing the then proposed new law on prostitution in Canada and the impacts of the Bedford Decision and how this makes the world unsafe for children.

Read letter

A person who has been tortured has the right to speak their truth, to be believed, and to seek justice for the torture they suffered.