Questionnaires: On-going so please consider participating
QUESTIONNAIRE ONE – Participation for persons who have survived torture
QUESTIONNAIRE TWO – Participate by sharing your opinions about abuse vs. NST
Our Research & Surveys
Discrimination and Stigmatization Questionnaire - The results of this Discrimination and Stigmatization Questionnaire have been included in a paper submitted for publication consideration. We thank all of you who took the time to share your responses with us, we are most appreciative.
Reproductive Harms Survey questions asked - the results are incorporated in the following two papers:
Model of Ritual Abuse-Torture page 4 - 1998 "Kitchen table" study lead to our development of this model
A Canadian National Reference
The Canadian Panel on Violence Against Women. (1993). Changing the Landscape: Ending Violence ~ Achieving Equality, Ottawa: Minister of Supply and Services Canada.
The following three pages in the Canadian Panel's report speaks of "ritual abuse". However, reading the voices of the women, they speak of being tortured as children as well as later in life. There has been a failure in Canada to recognize and name such torture as a specific and distinct crime and a form of non-state torture (NST) victimization, therefore, NST has remainded invisibilized by being misnamed as a lesser crime such as abuse or assault. As for the use of the word "ritual", rituals performed for the violent oppression and control of others is a global phenomena, consequently, not unique as a construct of criminal activity of Canadian and/or global perpetrators.
Kelly Watt, Patricia Freeman Marshall, Jeanne Sarson & Linda MacDonald, Toronto, 2006. Ms. Marshall was Co-Chair of the Canadian Panel on Violence Against Women, 1993. We met with her to discuss non-state torture and her work on the Canadian Panel.