Due Diligence as Legal Obligation
Due Diligence Obligations: Non-State Torture of Women/Girls in the So-Called Private Sphere--A Canadian and Multi-Country Perspective, paper submitted to Ms. Rashida Manjoo Special Rapporteur on violence against women for her study on the "Due Diligence Obligations to Address Violence Against Women".
The UN Human Rights Council adopted its resolution 16/1 of the UN Declaration on Human Rights Education and Training in 2011. Its aim is to foster among all systems, among all peoples, among all individuals, education on universal respect for, understanding of and responsibilities that promote fundamental freedoms and human rights, social justice and the rule of law necessary to endorse and build an universal culture of human rights based on the principles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Our contribution to Human Rights Education and Training:Fact Sheet:Torture in the Home
Specific and distinct NST laws are necessary to ensure that persons who suffered NST have their legal rights upheld, to prevent a culture of impunity for the perpetrators, to insure informed police investigations and protection and to educate professionals and the community that NST exists. References:
UN Women Virtual Knowledge Centre to End Violence Against Women; Foundation for Monitoring Laws
Linda, Anamah Tan, CEDAW Expert, and Jeanne, Geneva Switzerland, Oct 23 2009.
In response to our shadow report above, Anamah Tan asked the Canadian delegation the following question: "Some acts involving family violence constitute torture ... as part of its many family violence initiatives, had [Canada] examined the issue of non-State actor torture by family members?" para. 36; Canada's response is in para. 46.
Sixth and Seventh Reports of Canada - Covering the period April 1999 - March 2006
Report by the Canadian Government submitted in 2007 to the Committee regarding the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) outlining the measures Canada has taken to give effect to CEDAW. Our shadow report on women responds to this Canadian report by exposing the gap related to women in Canada who are, or have endured, non-state actor torture in Canada.
Non-State Actor Torture in Canada: A Shadow Report A Response to the Final Report, Children: The Silenced Citizens, of the Standing Senate Committee on Human Rights in Relation to the Convention on the Rights of the Child
Children: The Silenced Citizens - 2007 study released by the Canadian Standing Senate Committee on Human Rights. Our shadow report responds to this study by exposing the gap related to children in Canada who are, or have endured, non-state actor torture in Canada.
Letter written in response to Australia – Time for action Report on Violence against Women and Children
United Nations Information: The Universal Declaration of Human Rights says under article 5 that:
Remembering International Day Against Torture June 25th every year
Report of the Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, Manfred Nowak, January 15, 2008.