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Human Rights/NST

Due Diligence as Legal Obligation

Due Diligence Obligations: Non-State Torture of Women/Girls in the So-Called Private Sphere--A Canadian and Multi-Country Perspective, paper submitted to Ms. Rashida Manjoo Special Rapporteur on violence against women for her study on the "Due Diligence Obligations to Address Violence Against Women". 

The UN Human Rights Council adopted its resolution 16/1 of the UN Declaration on Human Rights Education and Training in 2011. Its aim is to foster among all systems, among all peoples, among all individuals, education on universal respect for, understanding of and responsibilities that promote fundamental freedoms and human rights, social justice and the rule of law necessary to endorse and build an universal culture of human rights based on the principles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Our contribution to Human Rights Education and Training:Fact Sheet:Torture in the Home


Evaluating laws

Specific and distinct NST laws are necessary to ensure that persons who suffered NST have their legal rights upheld, to prevent a culture of impunity for the perpetrators, to insure informed police investigations and protection and to educate professionals and the community that NST exists. References:

Access to Justice for Women and Girls Tortured by Non-State Actors Our submission is on the CEDAW site with other submissions. See criteria

Letter written in response to Australia – Time for action Report on Violence against Women and Children 

Amnesty International Six-point checklist on Justice for Violence against Women

UN Women Virtual Knowledge Centre to End Violence Against Women; Foundation for Monitoring Laws

?Is Canada a Torture Free Zone?

Non-governmental Organization (NGO) Volunteer Work

Declaration and Recommendations Geneva NGO Forum - Beijing+20 - see NST page 5 Violence against women i.

Non-State Torture Happens to Women and Girls - brief

Geneva NGO Forum - Beijing+20 & UN ECE Regional Review - A Her-storical Photo Journal,  Nov 2014

GWI Policy Position on Gender-based Non-State Actor Torture

CFUW Fact Sheet on Non-State Actor Torture

Non-State Torture is paragraph 19.86, page 193, in the shadow report of the Women’s Resource Centre of the UK, Women’s equality in the UK – A health check. The report was submitted to the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, in Geneva. NST is Appendix 34 which refers to the CEDAW 1992 General Recommendation 19, violence against women, paragraph 7(b) which states the right not to be subjected to torture. Our written evidence submitted to the UK Joint Committee on Human Rights.

Feminist Journeys a book presented to the Colchester East Hants Library by CFUW; has women's personal stories about their feminism, includes our stories (November 19, 2013, Truro Daily News, p. 2). More about the book.

Human Rights Education and the Universal Declaration - Grade Seven Classes

25th Anniversary Commitee Against Torture - Special Journal Report:Opening the Door on Non-State Torture

Our Journal Report ~ NGO CSW Forum 2013 at CSW57: Ending Violence Against Women and Girls

CFUW written statement on non-State torture is official UN Economic and Social Council document (E/CN.6/2013/NGO/10).

CFUW Panel at UN Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) March 5, 2013, New York City: Genderizing the UN Convention against Torture (CAT) & Non-State Torture Victimization

Canadian Federation of University Women (CFUW) letter to Department of Canadian Heritage informing them that an NGO report was sent to the Office of the High Commissioner of Human Rights in Geneva (OHCHR) for the Universal Periodic Review (UPR). 

Presentation and Follow-up Information to Members of the NGO Canadian Voice of Women for Peace (VOW) Nova Scotia - The Human Right Violation of Non-State Torture 



Linda, Anamah Tan, CEDAW Expert, and Jeanne, Geneva Switzerland, Oct 23 2009.

In response to our shadow report, Anamah Tan asked the Canadian delegation the following question: "Some acts involving family violence constitute torture ... as part of its many family violence initiatives, had [Canada] examined the issue of non-State actor torture by family members?" para. 36; Canada's response is in para. 46.

Torture of Canadian Women by Non-State Actors in the Private Sphere: A Shadow Report This shadow report on women responds to this Canadian report by exposing the gap of non-state actor torture in Canada that was not in the government's Sixth and Seventh Reports of Canada - Covering the period April 1999 - March 2006

Non-State Actor Torture in Canada: A Shadow Report A Response to the Final Report, Children: The Silenced Citizens, of the Standing Senate Committee on Human Rights in Relation to the Convention on the Rights of the Child

Children: The Silenced Citizens - 2007 study released by the Canadian Standing Senate Committee on Human Rights. Our shadow report responds to this study by exposing the gap related to children in Canada who are, or have endured, non-state actor torture in Canada.

 The Universal Declaration of Human Rights says under article 5 that:  


Remembering International Day Against Torture June 25th every year  

Communication from the UN Special Rapporteur on violence against women to Canada on the issue of Ritual Abuse-Torture, page 11, paras. 47 – 64.

United Nations Commission on the Status of Women  -  A Short History 


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